Ramadan Kareem is celebrated in the ninth month of the Islamic calendar by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting (Sawm) to memorate the first revelation of the Quran to Muhammad according to Islamic belief.This month lasts 29–30 days based on the visual sightings of the crescent moon. Based on the appearance of crescent moon Ramadan has been celebrated.
Ramadan falls at a different time each year because the Islamic calendar is based on lunar cycles which means that there isn’t a fixed date. It has been obligated in the month of sha’ban where after the muslims migrated from mecca to medina.
This year Ramadan began on the evening of Wednesday May 15 and ends on Friday June 15.
Verse 185, of the Quran states:
“Quran reveals Ramadan has- a guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the criterion (of right and wrong).
And whosoever of you is present, let him fast the month, and whosoever of you is sick or on a journey, a number of other days.
Allah desires for you ease; He desires not hardship for you; and that you should complete the period, and that you should magnify Allah for having guided you, and that perhaps you may be thankful”
Rules to be followed:
Every year, Muslims across the world take part in Ramadan.
The annual fast is integral to Islamic faith and will take place from mid-May to mid-June.Ramadan is held during the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and is a time for spiritual reflection, acts of charity and spending time with loved ones.
It is also a month when Muslims fast. This means they don’t eat or drink between sunrise and sunset, which is important during Ramadan as it allows them to devote themselves further to their faith, ultimately becoming closer to Allah, or God.
Before sunrise, they will have a meal (suhoor) and another meal (iftar) after sunset. The only people that do not have to fast during Ramadan are children, the elderly, pregnant women and those who are travelling or who are ill.
The reason why Muslims fast is because it is one of the Five Pillars of Islam, the other pillars being faith, prayer, charity and making the pilgrimage to Mecca – the Holy City.
Ramadan Mubarak means ‘Blessed Ramadan’.
It will be used as a greeting on the Ramadan days of completed fasting.
Ramadan kareem is a brief way of saying 'may the month be generous in goodness to you'.
It is used to wish at the starting of Ramadan fasting.
Eid al-Fitr – is a joyful festival with celebrations that indicates the end of Ramadan. This year it will begin at the first sight of the new moon on June 15.
Eid ul Adha
Eid ul Adha is also known as the Greater Eid and it is the second most important festival in the Muslim calendar. It Begins on 21st August until 25th August.
In the period around Eid al-Adha, many Muslims travel to Mecca and the surrounding area in Saudi Arabia to perform the Hajj pilgrimage.
Many countries organizes packaged holidays. Muslims may plan and save for many years to enable them to take part in this event, which is one of the five pillars of Islam.
Ibrahim, known as Abraham in the Christian and Jewish traditions, was commanded by God to sacrifice his adult son. He obeyed and took Ishmael (Ismail or Ismael) to Mount Moriah.
Just as he was to sacrifice his son, an angel stopped him and gave him a ram to sacrifice in place of his son. Some people dispute that the son of sacrifice was Isaac (Isḥāq).
To commemorate this, Muslims will feast on an animal but will divide it into three parts. They will give one part to the poor and those in need, one part to friends and they will share one part with their family.